Current situation and preventive measures of commu

2022-09-23
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Current situation and preventive measures of urban community fire protection construction

with the in-depth development of economy and the continuous expansion of urban scale, the construction of urban communities has also developed rapidly, the scale of communities is also expanding, the functions are increasingly complete, and the number of community residents is increasing. Doing a good job in community fire safety is an effective way to maintain social stability, ensure the safety of people's lives and property, and promote the socialization of fire work. This paper briefly expounds the current situation and preventive measures of community fire control

1. current situation of community fire control

1.1. the community has complete functions, more industries, and increased fire risk

community is actually a relatively independent small society. With the expansion of community scale and complete functions, the structure of community is also changing. Schools, hospitals, shops, small factories and workshops are also emerging in the community. The function of the community has changed from a single residence for people to a combination of industry, management, life, cultural landscape and so on. Although the regulations of various industries in the community are the best way to find faults, they are quite complete. Thus, the fire risk of the community is also increasing, increasing the difficulty of fire safety management

1.2. community fire safety passages are often blocked or occupied

the community is relatively closed to the outside world. In order to facilitate management, some communities prohibit motor vehicles from entering at will, so iron fences and stone piers are installed at the entrance of the community, which can only allow pedestrians to pass, and motor vehicles are not allowed to enter. Thus, in case of a fire, the fire truck can not smoothly enter the community to fight the fire. In addition, some vegetable markets, small stalls, book and newspaper kiosks, car repair stalls, etc. in the community also occupy the fire passage

1.3. the safe evacuation of residential buildings in the community is unfavorable

buildings in the community are generally an evacuation staircase for each unit. For each household, especially in units or residences on or below the sixth floor, there is only one evacuation staircase and one emergency exit. Some residents often stack their bicycles, old furniture, cartons, etc. in the staircases and passages, and even build kitchens and storage rooms on the passages, seriously occupying the evacuation stairs. If there is a fire among the residents on the ground floor, it will be difficult for the people on all floors upstairs to evacuate smoothly from the evacuation stairs. Moreover, many residents now install relatively solid anti-theft doors and iron railings on doors and windows in order to prevent theft at home, which is not conducive to safe evacuation and fire fighting by firefighters

1.4. community residents' awareness of fire safety is weak, and family fire hazards are increasing

because the popularization of fire safety knowledge in school education courses in China is almost blank. People know about fire protection only through sporadic contacts in daily life and safety training of units. Therefore, the overall fire safety awareness of community residents is weak, and the ability of self-defense and self rescue is poor. Some residents know nothing about fire protection, do not use any fire-fighting equipment, lack the knowledge and skills of self rescue and escape in case of fire, and even do not know what the fire brigade is doing and how many fire alarms are. With the improvement of living standards, household appliances are becoming more and more popular. The general range selection principle is: the tensile strength of clothing leather is 0~50kg; 0~100kg upper leather; With the use of 0.250kg or more leather, the number of high-power electrical appliances has increased, while the laying of electrical circuits in ordinary families rarely takes protective measures through pipes; A large number of combustible materials such as plywood and polymer materials are used in home decoration, and all kinds of furniture are complete, which greatly increases the fire load; At present, liquefied gas, gas or natural gas is widely used in residential families, but their understanding of the fire risk is insufficient, and there are often phenomena such as incorrect use and illegal operation. In short, with the increase of household exergy and fire load, the hidden dangers of household fire are increasing, which has also led to the continuous rise of residential fires in recent years

1.5. fire fighting facilities and equipment in the community are seriously damaged and insufficient

BS EN 1364 ⑴: 1999 wall

some communities have not set up an outdoor fire hydrant at all because of their small scale and early development. Residential buildings, especially unit residences below seven floors, tower residences below six floors (MPS ⑶) go2- 11 ⑷ 0.6 watt three-phase 380V 50 Hz 1400 RPM double headed residences, corridor residences, do not have any indoor fire-fighting facilities and equipment at all. Even if the unit houses with more than seven floors, tower houses with more than six floors, corridor houses and unit houses with commercial points at the bottom are equipped with indoor fire water supply systems in accordance with the requirements of the code for fire protection design of buildings, due to the neglect of management by the development company or the property management department, failure to repair, detect and maintain on time, coupled with the misappropriation of residents, theft of criminals and other reasons, The fire-fighting facilities in residential buildings are seriously damaged and lost, and most of them cannot be used normally. In addition, due to the weak fire awareness of residents, almost no households are equipped with small fire-fighting equipment. As a result, there is a serious shortage of fire-fighting facilities and fire-fighting equipment in the whole community, which can not effectively fight the initial fire, and it is very easy for small fires to lead to major disasters

1.6. the fire management in the community lags behind, and residential fires increase

as the previous fire control work focused on key units such as industrial and mining enterprises, the fire control work was mainly carried out by the security department or relevant departments. The fire control work in the community is relatively weak, and the fire control investment is relatively small, resulting in the lag of the fire control work in the community. According to statistics, unit fires have declined in recent years, while residential fires have increased; Plant fires decreased and housing fires increased. In recent years, although the fire department has continuously expanded the coverage of fire supervision and management through the implementation of fire police areas, the implementation of fire supervision functions of public security police stations and other measures, due to the limited police force, in the face of many social units and community households, it is far from enough to rely solely on the management of public security organs and fire prevention departments. Even if there are more police forces, it is impossible to achieve fire protection work in every household

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